What is Basketball? It is a team game in which all players work together to bounce a ball down the length of a court and throw it in the basket. In basketball, two teams of five players plays on a rectangular court. All the players participate to score points by successfully throwing the ball through the nets that hang from hoops at both the ends of the court. A team can score a goal by throwing the ball through the basket during regular play. if the player shoots from behind the three-point line then the field goal can scores three points for the shooting team, and if shot from in front of the line two points can be scored. A team can also score via free throws, which will be counted asone point, in the end, the team with the highest points wins the game, but if the match tied at the end additional time will be given.
Basketball was introduced in December 1891 by Canadian James W. Naismith. He was an instructor at the YMCA Training School in Massachusetts, He contrive 13 rules, some of which are still applied. In 1893, the first women’s game was played in Northampton, Massachusetts, USA at the Smith College.
Originally, basketball was played with peach baskets and balls, a hole was drilled into the bottom of the basket allowing the balls to be poked out with a long rod. After few years metal hoops with backboards replaced the peach baskets.
Basketball made its place in Olympic Games in 1904 in St Louis as a illustration sport. At the Games in 1936 in Berlin, basketball joined the Olympic programme
Some basketball terms everyone should know
The word was originated from French language “allez-hop!” the alley-oopaccredit to a high pass near the rim of the basket that another player tips in.
- Buzzer beater
Buzzer beater shot is when a player takes a shot before the end of quarter buzzer but it goes into the basket.
A controversial tactic, cherry-picking is generally a violation in beginner leagues and results in a penalty.
A double is a statistic that refers to a player amalgamate double digits in any one of 5 categories during a game:
- Field goal
A field goal is the term which describe both two- and three-point shots. The field goal percentage of a player or team is defined by the total number of baskets made to take the shot.
- Full-court press
When a team plays defence for the entire length of the court (rather than just on the half-court) is known as full-court press.
The key is defined as the area assigned below and in front of the basketball hoop.
- Posting up
When an offence player sets up close to the basket below the foul line, usually facing away from the basket with his back is to the defender is describes as Posting up.
Run-and-gun refers to a fast-paced offensive style articulating fast breaks and scoring opportunities.
- Triple threat
When a player first receives a ball and has not yet dribbled, that is considered.
When possession of the ball moves from one team to another it is known to be turnover.
Rules in Basketball
* The player have to bounce, the ball with one hand while moving both feet.
* The basketball player can only take one turn while bouncing. In other words, once a player has stopped bouncing they cannot start another dribble.
* The ball must stay in bounds. If the offensive team loses the ball out of bounds the other team gets control of the basketball.
* The players arms or body cannot be used for holding the ball. It must be held in or between the hands.
* While bouncing the ball the players hand must be on top of the ball. If he touch the bottom of the ball continue to dribble then the player will lose the ball to the other team.
* No player can touch the basketball while it is on the rim. This is called goaltending.
* Once the offensive team crosses half court, they may not go back into the backcourt.
*A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, it is violation of rules
* If either team makes three consecutive fouls, it will counted as a goal for the opponents.